Prevention Of Gastroenteritis

Monday, February 27, 2012

Gastroenteritis can be prevented through immunization. U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved in 2006 rotavirus vaccine called RotaTeq can be given to infants aged 6 to 32 weeks to prevent infection with viral gastroenteritis. The vaccine may yet have the same side effects with mild flu symptoms.

Various types of vaccination available for Salmonella typhi and Vibrio cholera, and which can be given to people who intend to travel in the area at risk. However, the currently available vaccine is only effective on rotavirual gastroenteritis.
Doctors recommend that food should be cooked and stored properly to prevent gastroenteritis. Avoid suspect foods or beverages. Thoroughly wash hands before eating and after using the bathroom or changing diapers. Viral gastroenteritis is highly infectious disease and thus avoid crowded spaces such as markets, theaters or shopping centers can also help in preventing infections for those who have a weak resistance. Bleaching dirty laundry and household surfaces can help prevent the spread of bacteria.

Gastroenteritis is usually self-limited and acute illnesses that do not require pharmacologic therapy. The goal of treatment is to replace lost fluids and electrolytes. Oral rehydration is the preferred method to replace the loss in children with mild to moderate dehydration. Metoclopramide and ondansetron, but can help the children.

The main treatment of gastroenteritis in children and adults is rehydration, ie, the addition of water and electrolytes lost in the feces. This is best achieved by giving the person oral rehydration therapy (ORT), although intravenous delivery may be needed if the level of impairment of consciousness or ileus is present. Complex-carbohydrate-based oral rehydration therapy such as those made from wheat or rice can be superior to a simple sugar-based ORS.
sweetened beverages like soft drinks and fruit juices are not recommended for gastroenteritis in children under 5 years of age because it can make diarrhea worse. Plain water may be used if specific ORS is not available or not suitable.

It is recommended that breastfed babies continue to be treated on demand and that formula-fed infants should continue their usual formula immediately after rehydration with oral rehydration solution. Lactose free or lactose-reduced formulas usually are not necessary. The children received semisolid foods or solid foods should continue to receive their usual during episodes of diarrhea. Foods high in simple sugars should be avoided because the osmotic load might worsen diarrhea, so a large number of soft drinks, juices, and foods high in simple sugars should be avoided. The practice of withholding food is not recommended, and direct normal feeding is recommended. The BRAT diet (bananas, rice, applesauce, toast and tea) are no longer recommended, because they contain enough nutrients and does not have the benefits of eating more than normal.

Prevention Of Gastroenteritis
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Symptoms and Diagnosis of Gastroenteritis

Sunday, February 26, 2012

Gastroenteritis often involves stomach pain or cramps, diarrhea and / or vomiting, with noninflammatory infection of the upper small bowel, or inflammatory infection of the colon.
This condition is usually an acute onset, usually lasting 1-6 days, and self-limiting.
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Abnormal flatulence
  • Abdominal pain
  • Stomach cramps
  • Bloody stools (dysentery - suggesting infection by amoeba, Campylobacter, Salmonella, Shigella or some pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli)
  • Fainting and Weakness
  • Heartburn

Some of the major factors include poor eating in children. Diarrhea is common, and may be followed by vomiting. Viral diarrhea usually causes frequent watery stools, whereas blood stained diarrhea may indicate a bacterial colitis. In some cases, even when the stomach is empty, bile can be vomited.
A child with gastroenteritis may be lethargic, suffer lack of sleep, run a low fever, have signs of dehydration (including dry mucous membranes), tachycardia, decreased skin turgor, skin color discoloration, sunken Fontanelles, sunken eyes, dark eye circles, glass eyes, poor perfusion and ultimately shock.

Gastroenteritis Diagnosis
Gastroenteritis is diagnosed based on symptoms, a complete medical history and physical examination. An accurate medical history can provide valuable information about the presence or absence of similar symptoms in other members of the patient's family or friends. Duration, frequency, and the description of the patient's bowel movements and if they have vomiting and is also relevant to this question commonly asked by the doctor during the examination.
There is no specific diagnostic tests are required in most patients with simple gastroenteritis. If symptoms include fever, bloody stools and diarrhea persist for two weeks or more, examination of stool for Clostridium difficile can be recommended along with the culture for bacteria, including Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter and Escherichia coli enterotoxic. Microscopy for parasites, ova and cysts can also help.

A complete medical history can help in the diagnosis of gastroenteritis. An accurate and complete medical history includes information about the patient's travel history, exposure terhadapracun or irritation, change the diet, preparation or storage of food habits and drugs. Patients who travel may become infected E. Coli or parasitic infection contacted from drinks or food. Swimming in or drinking contaminated water from fresh water suspiciously like a mountain river or wells may indicate an infection of Giardia - organisms found in water that causes diarrhea.
Food poisoning must be considered in cases when the patient is exposed to cooked food is stored or not. Depending on the type of bacteria that cause these conditions, the reaction appeared within 2 to 72 hours. Detect specific infectious agent is required in order to establish the proper diagnosis and effective treatment plan.

The doctor may want to know whether the patient has used broad-spectrum antibiotics or some in their past. If so, they can cause irritation of the digestive tract.
During physical examination, the doctor will look for other possible causes of infection. Conditions such as appendicitis, gallbladder disease, pancreatitis or diverticulitis can cause similar symptoms, but physical examination will reveal the special tenderness in the abdomen that is not present in gastroenteritis.

Diagnosis of gastroenteritis, especially exclusion procedure. Therefore in rare cases when symptoms are not sufficient to diagnose gastroenteritis, several tests can be performed in order to rule out other digestive disorders. These include rectal examination, complete blood count, electrolytes and renal function tests. However, when the symptoms are conclusive, there is a separate test from the test bench is required to properly diagnose gastroenteritis, especially if the patient has traveled to risk areas.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Gastroenteritis
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Saturday, February 25, 2012

Gastroenteritis (also known as stomach flu, stomach flu and stomach virus, although unrelated to influenza) is characterized by severe inflammation of the digestive tract involving both the stomach and small intestine resulting in acute diarrhea and vomiting. It can be transferred through contact with contaminated food and water. This inflammation is caused most commonly by infection from certain viruses or less often by bacteria, their toxins (eg, SEB), parasites, or adverse reaction to something in the food or medicine.
At least 50% of cases of gastroenteritis due to foodborne illness caused by norovirus. other 20% of cases, and the majority of severe cases in children, caused by rotavirus. Other significant viral agents include adenovirus and astrovirus. Different species of bacteria can cause gastroenteritis, including Salmonella, Shigella, Staphylococcus, Campylobacter jejuni, Clostridium, Escherichia coli, Yersinia, Vibrio cholerae, and others. Some sources of infection is not properly prepared food, meat dishes heated, seafood, dairy, and bakery products. Each organism causes slightly different symptoms but all result in diarrhea. colitis, inflammatory bowel, can also be present.
Risk factors include consumption of foods that are not properly prepared or contaminated water and travel or live in areas of poor sanitation. It is also common for river swimmers to become infected during the rains as a result of contaminated water runoff.

Gastroenteritis Classification :
Infectious gastroenteritis is caused by various bacteria and viruses. Important to consider infectious gastroenteritis as a diagnosis per exclusionem. A few loose stools and vomiting may be caused by systemic infections such as pneumonia, septicemia, urinary tract infection and even meningitis. Surgical conditions like appendicitis, intussusception and, rarely, even Hirschsprung can mislead doctors. endocrine disorders (eg thyrotoxicosis and Addison's disease) is a disorder that can cause diarrhea. Also, pancreatic insufficiency, short bowel syndrome, Whipple disease, celiac disease, and laxative abuse should be excluded as a possibility.
  • Bacterial Gastroenteritis 
For a list of bacteria that cause gastroenteritis, see above. pseudomembranous colitis is an important cause of diarrhea in patients treated with antibiotics is often new. 'Traveler's diarrhea is usually a type of bacterial gastroenteritis.
If severe gastroenteritis in children requiring hospital admission, it is important to distinguish between bacterial and viral infections. Bacteria, Shigella and Campylobacter, for example, and parasites such as Giardia can be treated with antibiotics.
  • Viral Gastroenteritis 
The virus causes gastroenteritis include rotavirus, norovirus, adenovirus and astrovirus. Viruses do not respond to antibiotics and infected children usually make a full recovery after several days. Children hospitalized with gastroenteritis are routinely tested for rotavirus A to gather surveillance data relevant to the epidemiological effects of rotavirus vaccination program. Children are routinely tested also for norovirus, a highly contagious and requires special isolation procedures to avoid transmission to other patients. Other methods, electron microscopy and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, are used in research laboratories.
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Prevent Acne Naturally

Wednesday, February 22, 2012

Prevent acne naturally - Of course many of us who crave a clean and clear skin avoid pimples, especially women. There is a pimple that arises in the face of it, sometimes it makes us cranky. Acne that often come attached to your face is really annoying. Cause we sometimes feel unsafe and uncomfortable in everyday life.
Acne is caused by excessive oil production. Many factors can trigger the appearance of acne is heredity, diet, psychological factors also affect, for example, just as menstruation, stress, cosmetics are not appropriate instructions or taking certain medications can cause acne. Until now, there is no drug that can cure acne completely. However much effort you can do to help cure or at least reduce the growth of acne.
These are some tips to prevent acne on our faces.

Diligent cleaning your face
One cause of acne is dirt and bacteria attached to the face. With a face wash or clean your face using a milk cleanser to remove dirt and bacteria. 
Remove facial hair
Hair will become dirty and greasy while we perform daily activities. When her hair touched his face, the dirt can be moved into our faces and can cause acne. 
Wash pillowcases and sheets regularly
Facial hair is not dirty or clean can lead to germs and dirt moving in a pillowcase or bed linens when we use a pillow. Then, at other times when his face into the pillow, back to the dirt in our faces. 
Drink 8 glasses of water a day
Consuming enough water can help the body remove toxins and useless in the body, so as to reduce the risk of acne. 

Enough sleep
Sleep enough to make the intake of oxygen in the body in balance. So bright and protects the skin from acne. 
Reduce the use of cosmetics
Use of cosmetics can clog pores. This blockage makes the pores do not breathe properly. Choose cosmetics that water can reduce the potential incidence of acne than oil-based cosmetics. 
Do not push acne that appears
Hands are dirty when you download and squeeze acne trigger increased oil and dirt on the face. When the squeeze acne, there is a layer under the skin can become damaged and cause facial oil spread to other parts of the face so the pimples that appear more and more. 
Avoid fatty foods
Fatty foods can cause oil glands to increase production. We recommend that you avoid fatty foods such as chocolate, nuts, lean meat. 
Eat healthy and balanced
In addition to gross, pimples also signifies something not right in our bodies. Skin health is totally dependent on nutrition intake. Eating a balanced diet, intake of vitamins in the body makes too balanced. Thus making the skin, not only the skin, healthy. 
Exercise regularly
Regular exercise, increased oxygen levels in the body that is very useful to avoid acne.
In addition to the above tips, other businesses to do the traditional way to help cure or at least reduce the growth of acne. One of them using the five medicinal plants, namely tomatoes, starfruit, cucumber, lemon, and ginger are believed to eradicate stubborn acne. 
Tomato (Lycopercisum esculentum Mill)
Tomatoes contain many different vitamins, including vitamin C, A and B1 and vitamin contain substances such as protein, calcium, iron, and sulfur. To get rid of acne, choose a ripe tomato, then cut into equal pieces, then directly used for acne facial scrub. If determined to get used to wearing plum tomatoes, you are guaranteed to come back beaming, free from acne. 
Starfruit (Averrhoa bilimbi L.)
Starfruit meat contains a lot of water to taste sour. Green fruit, some are white. Starfruit have calcium oxalate, flavonoids, pectin, tannin, acid and ferulic acid fault. To get rid of acne, take small starfruit 5 stars, washed, and mash until smooth. After that knead with water salt to taste. Rub on the face or other body parts with acne. Do it three times a day. It can also provide traditional ingredients as follows small starfruit 6 star fruit, 1 teaspoon of powdered sulfur, and orange juice. Way, and starfruit sulfur powder milled until smooth, then knead with lime juice. Then gently rub on face acne. Do 3 times a day. 
Cucumber (Cucumis sativus)
Cucumbers can also be used to fight bad acne, but has a lot of water, also contains vitamins A, B1 and C as well as several substances such as saponins, proteins, fats, calcium, iron, phosphorus, and sulfur. Associated with acne, choose a young cucumber. Wash thoroughly, then cut into pieces, then gently rub on face acne. Get in the habit of at least three times a day. 
Lime (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle)
citrus fruit juices contain chemical compounds such as limonene, linalin acetate, acetic geranil, felladren, sitral, and citric acid. To prevent acne, choose fruits that are old lime and cut into pieces the same. Rub on the face of acne, about 2-3 times a day. Or with a traditional herb jasmine Take 20, 2 fingers acid, an orange juice. The trick, jasmine, acid washed and ground smooth and sulfur. Knead with lime juice. Then gently rub on face acne.
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Use Make-Up to Change Your Nose

Saturday, February 11, 2012

Of all the parts in the face, usually the nose that causes the most problems.

Very few women are happy with the shape and size of their nose. With so much going for this reason that plastic surgery on the nose.

Some wnaita felt his nose is too big, too big or too small.

Fortunately, the make up can help the appearance of the nose for a variety of shapes and sizes.

For a long nose, use a lighter foundation on the bottom and a darker foundation on the nostrils, on both the front and bottom.

You can also use a lip brush to extend the tip of the mouth to balance parts of the face well.

To make slim wide nose, give a small dark dots on the top of the nose and the bridge of his nose.

 To the nose the size is not balanced, use a darker foundation for a prominent part in order to appear more nebulous.
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