Healthy Sleep under the Age

Thursday, March 1, 2012

Healthy Sleep Based on Age. Portion of Healthy Sleep by Age need to be applied, although sometimes difficult, especially for work rather late. Though the body needs to get enough sleep. People who sleep less potentially obesity. Sleep time each person is different and depends on the length of sleep was their age. Therefore, not surprisingly, that babies sleep more than adults. Let us refer to Healthy Sleep wrote portions following by Age

0-2 months of age
New baby reaches the age of two months, it generally takes 12 to 18 hours of sleep every day.

Ages 3-11 months
At this age, babies need time to sleep 14 hours to 15 hours per day, including naps. Times it is very important to their lives. Enough sleep will make the body and the baby's brain develops well and normal.

Age 3-5 years
In children before school age, they need time to rest sleep 11 hours to 13 hours, including naps. This is very important. Because, according to a study of children aged under five years of a lack of sleep, will affect the status of obesity in later life.

Ages 5-10 years
School-age children will take time to sleep 10 hours to 11 hours. According to the study, children who do not have adequate rest periods, can cause them to become hyperactive, not the concentration of learning, and having behavioral problems at school. Research has shown.

Age 10-17 years
He came of age through adolescence, they need daily sleep between 8 hours and 9 hours. Studies show that teens who get less sleep, more susceptible to depression, not focused, had poor grades, even car accidents.

Adults need time to sleep 7 hours to 9 hours each day. The doctors recommend for those who want to live healthy for applying these rules in life.

According to studies, people suffering from lack of sleep 1-2 hours every day or irregular sleep will increase your heart rate, blood pressure, and inflammation in the body and increase your appetite so that the risk of obesity ... Weight also ya, Let's just try serving Healthy Sleep though more healthy by Age
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Prevention Of Gastroenteritis

Monday, February 27, 2012

Gastroenteritis can be prevented through immunization. U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved in 2006 rotavirus vaccine called RotaTeq can be given to infants aged 6 to 32 weeks to prevent infection with viral gastroenteritis. The vaccine may yet have the same side effects with mild flu symptoms.

Various types of vaccination available for Salmonella typhi and Vibrio cholera, and which can be given to people who intend to travel in the area at risk. However, the currently available vaccine is only effective on rotavirual gastroenteritis.
Doctors recommend that food should be cooked and stored properly to prevent gastroenteritis. Avoid suspect foods or beverages. Thoroughly wash hands before eating and after using the bathroom or changing diapers. Viral gastroenteritis is highly infectious disease and thus avoid crowded spaces such as markets, theaters or shopping centers can also help in preventing infections for those who have a weak resistance. Bleaching dirty laundry and household surfaces can help prevent the spread of bacteria.

Gastroenteritis is usually self-limited and acute illnesses that do not require pharmacologic therapy. The goal of treatment is to replace lost fluids and electrolytes. Oral rehydration is the preferred method to replace the loss in children with mild to moderate dehydration. Metoclopramide and ondansetron, but can help the children.

The main treatment of gastroenteritis in children and adults is rehydration, ie, the addition of water and electrolytes lost in the feces. This is best achieved by giving the person oral rehydration therapy (ORT), although intravenous delivery may be needed if the level of impairment of consciousness or ileus is present. Complex-carbohydrate-based oral rehydration therapy such as those made from wheat or rice can be superior to a simple sugar-based ORS.
sweetened beverages like soft drinks and fruit juices are not recommended for gastroenteritis in children under 5 years of age because it can make diarrhea worse. Plain water may be used if specific ORS is not available or not suitable.

It is recommended that breastfed babies continue to be treated on demand and that formula-fed infants should continue their usual formula immediately after rehydration with oral rehydration solution. Lactose free or lactose-reduced formulas usually are not necessary. The children received semisolid foods or solid foods should continue to receive their usual during episodes of diarrhea. Foods high in simple sugars should be avoided because the osmotic load might worsen diarrhea, so a large number of soft drinks, juices, and foods high in simple sugars should be avoided. The practice of withholding food is not recommended, and direct normal feeding is recommended. The BRAT diet (bananas, rice, applesauce, toast and tea) are no longer recommended, because they contain enough nutrients and does not have the benefits of eating more than normal.

Prevention Of Gastroenteritis
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Symptoms and Diagnosis of Gastroenteritis

Sunday, February 26, 2012

Gastroenteritis often involves stomach pain or cramps, diarrhea and / or vomiting, with noninflammatory infection of the upper small bowel, or inflammatory infection of the colon.
This condition is usually an acute onset, usually lasting 1-6 days, and self-limiting.
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Abnormal flatulence
  • Abdominal pain
  • Stomach cramps
  • Bloody stools (dysentery - suggesting infection by amoeba, Campylobacter, Salmonella, Shigella or some pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli)
  • Fainting and Weakness
  • Heartburn

Some of the major factors include poor eating in children. Diarrhea is common, and may be followed by vomiting. Viral diarrhea usually causes frequent watery stools, whereas blood stained diarrhea may indicate a bacterial colitis. In some cases, even when the stomach is empty, bile can be vomited.
A child with gastroenteritis may be lethargic, suffer lack of sleep, run a low fever, have signs of dehydration (including dry mucous membranes), tachycardia, decreased skin turgor, skin color discoloration, sunken Fontanelles, sunken eyes, dark eye circles, glass eyes, poor perfusion and ultimately shock.

Gastroenteritis Diagnosis
Gastroenteritis is diagnosed based on symptoms, a complete medical history and physical examination. An accurate medical history can provide valuable information about the presence or absence of similar symptoms in other members of the patient's family or friends. Duration, frequency, and the description of the patient's bowel movements and if they have vomiting and is also relevant to this question commonly asked by the doctor during the examination.
There is no specific diagnostic tests are required in most patients with simple gastroenteritis. If symptoms include fever, bloody stools and diarrhea persist for two weeks or more, examination of stool for Clostridium difficile can be recommended along with the culture for bacteria, including Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter and Escherichia coli enterotoxic. Microscopy for parasites, ova and cysts can also help.

A complete medical history can help in the diagnosis of gastroenteritis. An accurate and complete medical history includes information about the patient's travel history, exposure terhadapracun or irritation, change the diet, preparation or storage of food habits and drugs. Patients who travel may become infected E. Coli or parasitic infection contacted from drinks or food. Swimming in or drinking contaminated water from fresh water suspiciously like a mountain river or wells may indicate an infection of Giardia - organisms found in water that causes diarrhea.
Food poisoning must be considered in cases when the patient is exposed to cooked food is stored or not. Depending on the type of bacteria that cause these conditions, the reaction appeared within 2 to 72 hours. Detect specific infectious agent is required in order to establish the proper diagnosis and effective treatment plan.

The doctor may want to know whether the patient has used broad-spectrum antibiotics or some in their past. If so, they can cause irritation of the digestive tract.
During physical examination, the doctor will look for other possible causes of infection. Conditions such as appendicitis, gallbladder disease, pancreatitis or diverticulitis can cause similar symptoms, but physical examination will reveal the special tenderness in the abdomen that is not present in gastroenteritis.

Diagnosis of gastroenteritis, especially exclusion procedure. Therefore in rare cases when symptoms are not sufficient to diagnose gastroenteritis, several tests can be performed in order to rule out other digestive disorders. These include rectal examination, complete blood count, electrolytes and renal function tests. However, when the symptoms are conclusive, there is a separate test from the test bench is required to properly diagnose gastroenteritis, especially if the patient has traveled to risk areas.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Gastroenteritis
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