Prevention Of Gastroenteritis

Monday, February 27, 2012

Gastroenteritis can be prevented through immunization. U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved in 2006 rotavirus vaccine called RotaTeq can be given to infants aged 6 to 32 weeks to prevent infection with viral gastroenteritis. The vaccine may yet have the same side effects with mild flu symptoms.

Various types of vaccination available for Salmonella typhi and Vibrio cholera, and which can be given to people who intend to travel in the area at risk. However, the currently available vaccine is only effective on rotavirual gastroenteritis.
Doctors recommend that food should be cooked and stored properly to prevent gastroenteritis. Avoid suspect foods or beverages. Thoroughly wash hands before eating and after using the bathroom or changing diapers. Viral gastroenteritis is highly infectious disease and thus avoid crowded spaces such as markets, theaters or shopping centers can also help in preventing infections for those who have a weak resistance. Bleaching dirty laundry and household surfaces can help prevent the spread of bacteria.

Gastroenteritis is usually self-limited and acute illnesses that do not require pharmacologic therapy. The goal of treatment is to replace lost fluids and electrolytes. Oral rehydration is the preferred method to replace the loss in children with mild to moderate dehydration. Metoclopramide and ondansetron, but can help the children.

The main treatment of gastroenteritis in children and adults is rehydration, ie, the addition of water and electrolytes lost in the feces. This is best achieved by giving the person oral rehydration therapy (ORT), although intravenous delivery may be needed if the level of impairment of consciousness or ileus is present. Complex-carbohydrate-based oral rehydration therapy such as those made from wheat or rice can be superior to a simple sugar-based ORS.
sweetened beverages like soft drinks and fruit juices are not recommended for gastroenteritis in children under 5 years of age because it can make diarrhea worse. Plain water may be used if specific ORS is not available or not suitable.

It is recommended that breastfed babies continue to be treated on demand and that formula-fed infants should continue their usual formula immediately after rehydration with oral rehydration solution. Lactose free or lactose-reduced formulas usually are not necessary. The children received semisolid foods or solid foods should continue to receive their usual during episodes of diarrhea. Foods high in simple sugars should be avoided because the osmotic load might worsen diarrhea, so a large number of soft drinks, juices, and foods high in simple sugars should be avoided. The practice of withholding food is not recommended, and direct normal feeding is recommended. The BRAT diet (bananas, rice, applesauce, toast and tea) are no longer recommended, because they contain enough nutrients and does not have the benefits of eating more than normal.

Prevention Of Gastroenteritis


Post a Comment

Copyright © Healthy Living Tips | Privacy Policy | RSS Feeds
Blogger Theme by Blogger Designed and Optimized by Tipseo