Mouth, Sign of AIDS

Tuesday, September 13, 2011

Aids Can Be Seen From The Mouth

Aids is a highly contagious disease cypress and mass murderer. Some of us sometimes do not know definitely about AIDS. Here I describe the characteristics of people infected with AIDS in the oral cavity.

AIDS is a collection of symptoms a disease characterized by destruction of immune system so vulnerable to various kinds of infections. AIDS caused by the virus Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Until now not be known with certainty from which start AIDS outbreaks. The disease AIDS is not transmitted through casual contact, but is transmitted through sexual contact, contact with contaminated blood HIV and by needles or other medical equipment contaminated with HIV.

Conversely AIDS can not be transmitted through insect bites, beverages, or casual contact in the family, school, swimming pool, public toilets or workplace with people with AIDS.

Clinical symptoms of AIDS
AIDS has a broad spectrum of clinical picture. In the early beginning there are symptoms like the flu. Patients who feel tired prolonged and without cause, lymph glands on the neck, armpits, swollen groin for months, decreased appetite / loss, persistent fever reached 39 degrees Celsius or sweating on evenings, diarrhea, weight loss without reason, black wounds on the skin or mucous membranes that can not get better, prolonged coughing and in the throat, easy bruising or bleeding without cause. Symptoms the beginning is often called AIDS Related Complex (ARC). In the unlikely event of this disease increases, other malignant disease develops, such as: pneumonia (penumocytis carinii), thrush esophagus, cytomegalovirus or herpes, sarcoma sarcoma, a tumor malignant blood vessels.

AIDS manifestations in Oral
About 95% of AIDS patients have manifestations in the head area and neck as well as by Shiod and Pinborg 1987. Manifestations in the mouth often an early sign of HIV urinary

Infections due to fungi (Oral Candidiasis)
Oral Candidiasis so far is a sign at the mouth of the most frequently found both in people with AIDS or AIDS Related Complex (ARC) and a sign of clinical manifestations in patients with high risk group over 59% of cases.
Oral thrush in people with AIDS can be seen in the form of oral thrush, acute atrophic candidiasis, chronic hyperplasic candidiasis, and stomatis angularis (Perleche).

Infections Due To Viruses
Infections due to herpes group virus most often seen in AIDS patients and ARC. Viral infection in patients can be seen in the form stomatis herpetiformis, herpes zoster, hairy leukoplakia, cytomegalovirus.

Infections Due To Bacteria
Infection because the bacteria can be either HIV-necrotizing gingivitis or HIV periodontitis.

HIV-necrotizing gingivitis
HIV-necrotizing gingivitis can be found in people with AIDS or ARC. These lesions can be hidden or sudden bleeding time accompanied brushing teeth, pain and halitosis. Necrotizing gingivitis is most common on the anterior gingival. In this situation, the sovereign, when the interdental and gingival edge will appear red, swelling, or grayish yellow because of necrosis, often shot ulcerative severe necrotizing gingivitis and periodontal disease progressive despite oral hygiene is well maintained and although it has been given antibiotics.

HIV periodontitis
Periodontal disease may take place progressively is an early indicator that can be found in HIV infection. Dentist should diagnose the early process of alveolar bone destruction with a commitment to consider the possibility of HIV infection. This is caused mainly by the fact that some patients AIDS is experiencing rapid alveolar bone destruction.

Kaposi's sarcoma associated with AIDS appears to be a disease a more virulent and usually has spread at the time of initial diagnosis. Approximately 40% of AIDS patients with sarcoma died within approximately one year and is usually accompanied by other opportunistic infections (e.g. pneumocystic carinii, fungi, viruses, bacteria).
Sarcoma oral manifestations is usually an early sign of AIDS and generally (50%) were found in the mouth of homosexual men. In addition to the mouth, sarcoma can also be found in the skin of head and neck. Sarcoma in the mouth usually seen at first as the macula, nodules and plaques are flat or prominent, typically in circle and red or purple.
Located on the palate and the size of only a few millimeters up to centimeters. Irregular shape, can be single or multiple and usually asymptomatic, so that newly perceived by the patient when the lesions have become quite large.

Other abnormalities in the mouth
These abnormalities is not known why, can arise in the form:
  1. Somatic aphtosa recurrence, especially the type of major.
  2. Necrotic ulcer.
  3. Xerostomia
  4. Parotid gland enlargement, especially the children of AIDS patients.
  5. Idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura.
  6. Facial palsy
  7. Addisonian mucosal hyperpigmentation
  8. Submandibular lymphadenopathy.
  9. Hyperpigmentation melatonin
  10. Healing old wounds
  11. Babies born with AIDS infection can be deformed face.


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