Pregnant Nutrition

Sunday, May 22, 2011

Important Nutrients For Pregnant Women

Many of the changes and experienced, both physically and emotionally when I started to conceive. You should always pay attention to the schedule and type of food you consume, because the growth and development of the fetus depends on maternal nutrition.

Some nutrients have vital role in fetal growth. During pregnancy, increased energy metabolism due to changes in your body system and fetal development. Therefore, the need for energy and nutrients should be increased. How do I add it? Not just continuously increase the amount of food that enters the body, but also consider all the things you consume.

During the second and third pregnancies trimester requires 300 calories per day. Although this increase is not used in the first trimester, does not mean the balance of nutrients are not important. These additional calories needed for your weight increase (total 12 to 16 kg during pregnancy). It is very necessary to produce adequate infant weight at birth. Should the first trimester, weight only 0.5 kg of each month. While in the second trimester, 0.5 kg each week. Then in the last trimester (month 9), may only be 0.5 to 1 kg. Calories can you get by eating nuts, fruits, cereals, brown rice, vegetables, potatoes.

Protein is needed to build, repair, and replace the body's tissues. Pregnant women need extra nutrients for optimal fetal growth. Proteins can you get by eating tofu, meat, chicken, fish, milk, and eggs.

Research shows that the fetus requires 13 mg of calcium from maternal blood. The fetus requires calcium for bone growth and teeth. If the amount of calcium that he got less, then he will take it from bone. As a result you may experience a softening of the bones (osteomalacia) later. Calcium can you get by consuming dairy products, tofu, broccoli, beans.

Iron deficiency will lead to growth and development of the fetus to be blocked. Iron deficiency may increase the risk of disability (mortality), you and the fetus. Because iron needs difficult to meet the dietary pattern of eating, then sometimes the use of supplements is recommended. Iron can you get by eating spinach, red meat, liver, fish, poultry, shellfish, eggs, soy.

Folic acid (vitamin B)
Folic acid is consumed from the time of conception and early pregnancy could prevent birth defects in the brain and spine. Research shows the risk of spinal disorders (spinal bifida) and brain cavity abnormalities (anencephaly) decreased by 50%. It is recommended to obtain 400 mg of folic acid per day. Folic acid can you get by eating spinach, orange juice, oatmeal, broccoli, strawberries, and bread.

The liquid is needed to increase blood volume and fetal water. Drink at least 6 to 8 glasses each day. Reducing fluid intake will not reduce the swelling that you experience. But it can cause damage to the kidneys. Consumption of fluid is best fresh water, except that you also can eat soup, juice, and tea.

Salt water can help regulate the blood. Body's need a little salt, about 2000 up to 8000 mg per day. Some mothers who are exposed to high blood pressure will not even require additional salt intake.

Do not forget to avoid cigarettes, alcohol and caffeine consumption.


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