Newborns Health Problems

Sunday, June 26, 2011




Newborn Baby - With Health Problems

When you're pregnant, you may learn all the things that can make the process of pregnancy until delivery went smoothly so you and your baby can be in good health. But it is important to understand some specific health problems and complications that can occur even if your pregnancy run smoothly.

It is impossible to be fully prepared, both in dealing with complications during the birth process or in the face of your child who is born disabled or have health problems. But by understanding the health problems in newborns and rules may reduce concerns about the possibility that something can go wrong.
 
Before the Baby Born
By doing tests before birth, doctors often can detect certain birth defects such as spina bifida, Down syndrome, congenital heart disease, failure of closure of the abdominal wall so that the intestines are exposed outside the abdominal cavity, or cleft lip before your baby is born.

Other birth defects can not be known until your baby is born. Birth complications such as meconium aspiration (when newborns inhale a mixture of meconium - the first dirt babies usually come out after the birth - with the amniotic fluid during birth) can also occur.

If defects in babies is known before birth, then your doctor may discuss exactly what will happen when you give birth. You and your doctor should discuss what the best care is for your baby so you can plan to give birth in hospital.

You can ask if you can see in the hospital intensive care unit so that you can be more comfortable and met with health team that will care for your baby. This team may include neonatologists, specialist child trafficking, child surgeons, neonatal nurses, nurse practitioners, doctors in the training period.
 
Common Problems in Newborns
It is very common for infants, especially those born prematurely, to experience the birth of yellow (jaundice / icterus) or have respiratory problems.

Many premature babies, even babies of age who experienced jaundice if their liver function is not yet mature, so it can not get rid of bilirubin (yellow pigment of red blood cell breakdown results of) the excess in the blood. Jaundice can make your baby's skin and the whites of the eyes appear yellowish.
If your baby has jaundice, your doctor may order blood tests to measure bilirubin levels and determine whether further treatment is needed. Typically, babies with jaundice will be given  special lights that help break down excess bilirubin that can be processed by the body.

Another common problem is the lungs are not yet ripe. This occurs when the baby's lungs lack surfactant, a chemical that prevents the lungs contract (collapse) during breathing. Surfactants are usually not going to coat the lungs fetus until the fetus was 34 weeks, so many premature babies who require breathing assistance. Ventilator, a machine that is connected with a small plastic pipe entrance to the trachea (windpipe) infants, usually used to assist breathing.

Now, synthetic surfactants are routinely given (through a breathing tube) in infants born very prematurely soon after their birth. Premature babies do not have enough surfactant that can make their lungs continue to grow. Provide additional surfactant can make a baby to be breathing on his own soon, and they will suffer the risk of lung damage is lower because they do not require the use of ventilators in the long term.
 
In the Maternity Room
Most babies born in the maternity room. But if there are complications the mother may be moved into the maternity room that is equipped with additional equipment. Besides obstetrician, midwife, or family doctor, nurse, neonatologies, or other specialist will be ready to provide help if needed.

For example, if newborns affected by spina bifida (spinal coated seen protruding out without skin) or hydrocephalus (excess fluid in or around the brain), the doctor will give special treatment to the head or covering the exposed spinal cord. For newborns who experienced bowel that is not covered by the skin of the stomach, the intestines are covered to protect their babies from infection and from heat and fluid loss.
In the case of meconium aspiration, usually the doctor will try to infants with respiratory to clean the suck out any fluid that interfere with breathing. Infants who continue to experience difficulty breathing or were born very prematurely may need a tube to help breathing.

Every time there is a problem, medical staff, including the DSA or neonatologies, will monitor the baby's breathing and heart rate and to ensure that the baby was in a state warm. If necessary, they would perform CPR (heart compression and artificial respiration) for the newborn. When the baby's condition is stable, usually the baby will be directly transferred to the intensive care unit newborn (NICU) for further treatment.
The obstetrician will be with the mother when the baby is being cared for and provide necessary medical care by the mother. Obstetrician will determine whether the placenta is expelled, whether the mother had received stitches, and finish the operation.

Communicating With Doctors
Ask the medical team that handles your baby to communicate with you about your baby's condition. If your baby has a condition diagnosed before birth, the doctor will explain if there is a change from the original plan and told the latest news about your baby's development. When there is a problem that can not be anticipated, the doctor or nurse will explain what is happening. In an emergency, the medical team may be unable to explain the problems that happen as soon as possible, and will do so when the situation is stable.
 
Once Through the Maternity Room
After exiting the maternity room, the baby may require intravenous fluids or medications. Therefore, infants lose heat quickly so your baby will be put in the incubator or heater to maintain body temperature.

The medical team may be ordered to perform X-rays the lungs so it knows the cause if the baby is breathing too fast or not fair, sometimes, blood tests or monitor oxygen in the feet or hands can help the doctor to find out how much the baby's breathing assistance you need. The medical team will probably give your baby a little extra oxygen or attach to your baby's ventilator to assist breathing.

When the baby's breathing and heart rate had stabilized, care for every birth defects can be started. Evaluation and treatment can take place within days or weeks, depending on the condition of your baby.
The doctor may also want to do blood tests to rule out any other problems and measure things like blood counts and blood sugar levels. Some blood tests may be done by taking blood from the heel of the baby, while others have to take directly from blood vessels in the baby's arms.

Support What You Need
The period of parting with a baby is a very difficult time for families, especially for parents baby.
It is human nature to feel the disappointment or even feel guilty. Speaking with members of the medical team or a social worker at the hospital would be very helpful. By knowing as much information as possible about your baby will be able to help relieve your anxiety and feelings of powerlessness.

Most hospitals encourage parents to spend time with their babies as much as possible. If your baby is transferred to hospitals that have special NICU, can be considered to ask if she can also get care after giving birth in the same hospital, so they can heal together.

Sometimes your baby needs to stay in hospital even though the mother was allowed to go home. It would be difficult for you to go home without the child, but talking with friends, family, and medical staff can help relieve your feelings.

Parents should also get plenty of rest and regular exercise, and eat nutritious foods at a time like this. If the mother wanted to breastfeed, talk to your nurse or lactation specialist about the use of breast pumps for dairy milk can be stored and can be given when the baby is ready.
If your baby is born with health problems, you have many choices to get information and support. Begin by asking for information about the hospital or community services of a doctor. Peer support, either directly or meetings via the internet, many are available for various problems and conditions.

2 comments:

armouris said...

more info on jaundice here - Jaundice - Yellow Symptom

Befitnes said...

Thanks for the info. I'll visit the site soon.

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